CCB – Centro Cultural de Belém Praça do Império – Lisbon
Congress and Meeting Center | Floor 1
Bernardo Vasconcelos e Sousa, Nuno Gonçalo Monteiro and Rui Ramos
Why are there so many castles in Portugal? Why are so many dates in the history of Portugal being dates of battles? In Europe, military conflicts were a decisive factor in the evolution of states, in the transformation of societies and in the definition of cultures. It is impossible to understand European history without mentioning the “four hundred and fifteenth-century war” of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the “wars of religion” of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, or the “world wars” of the twentieth century. The wars inspired works of art, from the Song of Roland to the Guernica of Picasso, marked territories and landscapes, and were the origin of many expressions and customs.
The purpose of these lectures is not simply to describe the great conflicts but to use them to re-examine the political, social and cultural history of Europe since the Middle Ages.