Hyperion, drawn from the exacerbated noise of the world and of life, is dedicated to a rigorous investigation of the Greek archaic society, seeking in the terrestrial and maritime landscape left by Herodotus the political and military scenario of excellence. He chooses this scenario as the only one suited to the elegiac character of his existence, lamenting the absence of aristocratic norms for men who have lost the heroic meaning of war.
Only in the world, made a hermit of his own free will, remains to Hyperion to reflect on everything that happens in his lifetime, while reporting it to his friend Belarmino, and also to Diotima, the beloved woman, making his writing a shot of conscience that assumes weaknesses and guilt, in progressive own confession – hence the epistolary character of the narrative and the ontological transformation of its hero in an anticipated case of antihero.
Friedrich Hölderlin, a German poet and novelist, took seven years to compose the definitive text of HIPERION or the hermit of Greece, published in 1799, his only novel in epistolary form. The text can be translated into a ‘metaphor of a revolution’, the French, which Hölderlin followed intensely – the enthusiasm of the early moments was followed later by a profound disappointment at the political contours that led the Jacobins to a Terror experience.
This historical episode led to a paradigm shift in the author’s literary creation: the principle of liberation through armed struggle is, in this novel, replaced by the cultural transformation exerted by the artist’s work within the society to which he belongs.
In order to warn this metaphor, Hölderlin chose the geographical space of Greece as a backdrop in his struggles for liberation from the Turkish occupation in 1770, following in detail the development of the same war, which failed due to the lack of ethical and heroic meaning of the Greeks themselves. In the face of the ideals of Freedom, Fraternity and Equality, plunder and theft, leading people to indiscriminate plunder.
Strict in his research and study of his sources, the author manages to give a full historical consistency to his narrative, opening the field of writing throughout the land and sea landscape described in cartographic documentation left by Herodotus, among others. Hölderlin chooses this scenario as unique to the elegiac character of his protagonist, Hyperion, who has been lamenting the loss of aristocratic excellence by men who have lost the heroic meaning of the war.
Only in the world, made a hermit willingly, is it left to Hyperion to reflect on all that has happened while he is describing it exhaustively to his friend Belarmino, and also to Diotima, the beloved woman, making his writing an awareness that assumes weaknesses. and guilt, in progressive confession – hence the epistolary character of the novel and the ontological transformation of its hero into an early case of the antihero.