The continent’s commercial ports moved a record 89.2 million tonnes of goods in 2017, 1.3% more than in 2016, with a 19.1% rise in Lisbon, it was announced today.
According to the results of the report on “Maritime Goods Traffic in the Context of Intermodality”, drawn up by the Mobility and Transport Authority (AMT), the “best ever brand” achieved in 2017 resulted from a positive 19.1% port of Lisbon, 13.5% in Aveiro, 7.2% in Leixões and 5.3% in Viana do Castelo.
On the contrary, there were negative changes of 0.4% in Figueira da Foz, 3.3% in Sines, 12.6% in Setúbal and 46.3% in Faro.
In 2017, maritime transport accounted for 8.1% of total domestic traffic and 76.1% of international traffic.
Globally, around 261.4 million tonnes of goods were transported in terms of net weight, 4.3% more than in 2016, with traffic being handled last year by various modes of transport (maritime, road, rail and air). national accounts for 59.9% and international traffic for 40.1%.
According to the report, the 4.3% increase in total traffic in 2017 resulted from increases of 6.2% in national traffic and 1.7% in international traffic, “it being noteworthy that the national component had to exceed extraordinary and circumstantial movement of 3.4 million tons in the previous year, caused by the inoperability of the Leixões Ocean Terminal, for about six months, to maintain the monoboia in the yard. ”
The total volume of goods traded internationally by Portugal (Mainland and autonomous regions) reached 102.6 million tonnes in 2017 (+ 5.6% on 2016) corresponding to 124.1 billion euros (+ 11.5% ), at current prices.
The modal distribution of this volume of goods gives a majority quota of 58,8% for maritime transport in tonnage and, in value terms, a dominant share of 60,6% for road transport.
According to the AMT, the import traffic used mainly maritime transport, which in 2017 represented 61.6% of the tonnage and 26.2% of the value, reflecting these indicators “the preference of shippers for this mode of transport for goods large volume and lower unit value “, with crude oil being the most important, accounting for 22.1% of total imports and 35.8% of imports by sea.
Imports from the Mainland’s commercial ports reached in 2017 “the highest value ever”, with the contribution of the port of Sines, with a share of 56.1%, 0.5% more than in 2016 and an average annual growth of 9.4% in the last five years.
The maritime transport of goods handled last year in the ports of the Mainland was carried out by operators of about 55 different nationalities, and in the international traffic the largest volume was affected to Switzerland, with a share of 24.4%, equivalent to about 16 million tonnes.
In the national traffic, Portugal maintained the first position as the country of preferential registration of the operators of this traffic, with 69.7% (3.4% more than in 2016), followed by the Netherlands, in second place (with 7, 5%), Germany, third (with 5.6%), and Switzerland, with 5.2%, in fourth place.
On the other hand, Panama was the country with the highest traffic in international traffic, responsible for handling about 12 million tons, corresponding to a 15% share, followed by Liberia and Malta, with 13.8% and 11.4%, respectively.
“In this chapter Portugal also has a remarkable performance, as it grows 58.5% to a share of 5.1%, along with Greece,” the report reads.
As regards the volume of containers handled, it reached a total of 2.9 million TEUs in 2017, 9.3% more than in 2016, maintaining a trend of an annual average growth rate of 6.9% in last five years.
According to the report “Merchandise Shipping in the Context of Intermodality”, the ship movement registered a total of 10,651 stopovers and a gross tonnage (GT) of 206 million, respectively a decrease of 1.2% and an increase of 0.7 % compared to 2016 and increases of 0.8% and 5.8% over the last five years.
Leixões stood out as the port with the highest number of stopovers, with a share of 24.4%, followed by Lisbon with 0.6 percentage points, and Sines with 20.7%.