The lack of gender diversity in the areas of science is a matter of concern and that is why UNESCO decided in 2015 to set a day to debate the issue.
In recent years, efforts to inspire and involve women in science have been redoubled, but exclusion remains a reality.
The data indicates that less than 30 percent of researchers worldwide are currently women. Only about 30 percent of all female students select fields related to Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (CTEM) in higher education, as shown by UNESCO figures for 2014-2016.
Globally, enrollment of female students is particularly low in ICT, with only 3%, natural sciences, mathematics, and statistics with 5%, and in engineering and construction, with 8%.
Prejudices and gender stereotypes continue to alienate women from these areas and the UN recalls that science and gender equality are vital to meeting development goals, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Today, there are several initiatives planned around the world to mark the International Day of Women and Girls in Science, focusing on the theme “Women Scientists at the Forefront of the Fight against COVID-19”, around which an online conference will be organized.